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Visit OSHA's COVID-19 webpage for further information and resources about the best online cialis coronavirus. Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, employers are responsible for providing safe and healthful workplaces for their employees. OSHA's role is to help ensure these conditions for America's workers by setting and enforcing standards, and providing training, education, and assistance. For more best online cialis information, visit www.osha.gov. The mission of the Department of Labor is to foster, promote and develop the welfare of the wage earners, job seekers and retirees of the United States.

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20-1845-NAT U.S. Department of best online cialis Labor news materials are accessible at http://www.dol.gov. The Department's Reasonable Accommodation Resource Center converts departmental information and documents into alternative formats, which include Braille and large print. For alternative format requests, please contact the Department at (202) 693-7828 (voice) or (800) 877-8339 (federal relay).October 19, 2020Target Corp. To Correct best online cialis Exit and Storage Hazards, Enhance SafetyAt 200 Northeast U.S.

Stores in U.S. Department of Labor Settlement NEW YORK, NY – The U.S. Department of Labor best online cialis has executed a region wide corporate settlement agreement with Target Corp. To correct exit access and storage hazards and enhance worker safety at about 200 of the retailer's stores in Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Jersey and New York. Between May and December 2019, the department's Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) cited eight Target locations in Connecticut, Massachusetts and New York for numerous violations best online cialis involving blocked or obstructed access to emergency exits and fire exit routes and/or unsafe storage of materials in stores' backrooms and storage areas.

Target Corp. Initially contested its citations but with this settlement, it will pay $464,750 in penalties and implement enhanced actions to abate and prevent egress and storage safety issues at all Target stores in the four states over the next two years. "Obstructed emergency exit access impedes employees' ability to exit swiftly best online cialis in the event of a fire or other emergency and unsafe storage of materials exposes employees to crushing and struck-by hazards. Employers are responsible for supplying their employees with safe and healthful workplaces," said OSHA Regional Administrator Galen Blanton in Boston, Massachusetts. "Under this agreement, Target Corporation is taking steps to proactively address and prevent two of the major safety hazards in the retail industry and maintain safe working conditions for its employees," said OSHA Regional Administrator Richard Mendelson in New York.

"We are pleased that Target Corporation has chosen to resolve these cases by taking positive steps in worker safety, and we invite other retail employers to consider taking similar actions to protect their employees' safety and health," said best online cialis regional Solicitor of Labor Jeffrey S. Rogoff in New York. Under the agreement, Target Corp. Will build on its best online cialis existing safety programs through the following commitments. Authorize stores' management to delay incoming delivery of inventory if needed to ensure safe egress conditions.

Authorize stores' management to requisition additional storage capacity, such as storage trailer or offsite storage space, if best online cialis needed to ensure safe egress conditions. Conduct surveillance camera monitoring of egress conditions at select "high-risk" stores. Have outside managers visit each store at least twice per year to monitor egress safety, and address any problems. Arrange unannounced best online cialis third-party audits of egress safety at each store at least once each year, with a second audit the next quarter if a store fails the initial audit. Retrain all affected employees on issues covered by settlement.

Permit OSHA access to the stores to verify compliance with the settlement agreement and determine if cited conditions were addressed. The Department filed a joint notification of the settlement of the New best online cialis York cases with the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission on October 15, 2020, and filed a joint notification of the settlement of the Massachusetts and Connecticut cases on October 16, 2020. The settlement will become a final order 30 days after the docketing of the Administrative Law Judge's Order Terminating Proceedings. Attorneys Daniel Hennefeld, Andrew Katz and Peter Nessen in the regional solicitor offices in Boston, Massachusetts and New York negotiated the settlement. The OSHA area best online cialis offices in Bridgeport and Hartford, Connecticut.

Braintree, North Andover and Springfield, Massachusetts. Long Island, best online cialis New York. And Avenel, New Jersey, with jurisdiction for stores located in Staten Island, New York. Conducted the original inspections. Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, employers are responsible for best online cialis providing safe and healthful workplaces for their employees.

OSHA's role is to help ensure these conditions for America's working men and women by setting and enforcing standards, and providing training, education and assistance. For more information, visit http://www.osha.gov. The mission of best online cialis the Department of Labor is to foster, promote and develop the welfare of the wage earners, job seekers and retirees of the United States. Improve working conditions. Advance opportunities for profitable employment.

And assure best online cialis work-related benefits and rights. # # # Scalia v. Target Corporation best online cialis OSHRC Docket Nos.. 19-1010, 19-0831, 19-1470, 19-1032, 19-1708, 19-1147, 20-0222, 20-0223. Media Contacts.

Ted Fitzgerald, best online cialis 617-565-2075, fitzgerald.edmund@dol.gov James C. Lally, 617-565-2074, lally.james.c@dol.gov Release Number. 20-1941-BOS U.S. Department of Labor news materials best online cialis are accessible at http://www.dol.gov. The Department's Reasonable Accommodation Resource Center converts departmental information and documents into alternative formats, which include Braille and large print.

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These findings suggest that although Lp-PLA2 activity is a biomarker for CAVS unfortunately, it is unlikely to be a therapeutic target (figure 1).Higher Lp-PLA2 activity is significantly associated with the presence of CAVS in patients with heart disease, but variants influencing Lp-PLA2 mass or activity are not associated with CAVS in this large genetic association study. CAVS, calcific aortic cialis 5mg daily how long before it works valve stenosis. Lp-PLA2, lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2." data-icon-position data-hide-link-title="0">Figure 1 Higher Lp-PLA2 activity is significantly associated with the presence of CAVS in patients with heart disease, but variants influencing Lp-PLA2 mass or activity are not associated with CAVS in this large genetic association study. CAVS, calcific aortic valve stenosis. Lp-PLA2, lipoprotein-associated phospholipase cialis 5mg daily how long before it works A2.In an editorial, Zheng and Dweck2 discuss this article, summarise current ongoing trials of medical therapy for CAVS (table 1) and comment.

€˜Strong evidence points towards elevated Lp(a) levels and its associated oxidised phospholipids (OxPL) as causal risk factors for CAVS, suggesting that targeting this lipid-driven, inflammatory pathway has a real chance to translate into therapy capable of mitigating disease. The current study suggests that this association is not mediated by Lp-PLA2 and underlines the importance of scrutinising whether biological factors within pathophysiological pathways are merely biomarkers or actually represent a feasible and causal target.’View this table:Table 1 Ongoing randomised clinical trials of medical therapies in aortic stenosisRheumatic heart disease (RHD) remains the primary cause of valve disease worldwide and contributes significantly to maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. In a study by Baghel cialis 5mg daily how long before it works and colleagues3 of 681 pregnant women with RHD, adverse cardiovascular evens occurred in about 15% of pregnancies. Multivariable predictors of adverse outcomes during pregnancy were prior adverse cardiovascular events, lack of appropriate medical therapy, severity of mitral stenosis, valve replacement and pulmonary hypertension. Based on this analysis, the authors propose a risk score from pregnant women with RHD (table 2).View this table:Table 2 New prognostic score (DEVI’s score) to predict composite adverse cardiac outcome in pregnant women with rheumatic valvular heart diseaseCommenting on this paper, Elkayam and Shmueli4 point out that in about one-fourth of women, the diagnosis of RHD was not known prior to pregnancy and that a late diagnosis often was associated with adverse outcomes.

Their editorial provides a concise summary of optimal management of pregnant cialis 5mg daily how long before it works women with RHD. They conclude ‘With proper evaluation and risk stratification prior to pregnancy, a close multidisciplinary follow-up during pregnancy, and close monitoring during labour and delivery as well as the early postpartum period most complications can be prevented.’The importance of psychosocial factors in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevalence and outcomes is increasingly recognised. Using data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, Bu and colleagues5 found that loneliness was associated with CVD, independent of possible confounders and other risk factors, with a 30% higher risk of a new CVD diagnosis in the most lonely people compared with the least lonely people. As O’Keefe and colleagues6 point out, this data is especially important now in the context of social distancing and stay-at-home recommendations and they offer several approaches to mitigating loneliness during the COVID-19 pandemic.The Education in Heart article7 in this issue focuses on the clinical use and prognostic implications of echocardiographic speckle tracking measurements of global longitudinal strain to detect cialis 5mg daily how long before it works and quantify early systolic dysfunction of the left ventricle (figure 2).Left ventricular global longitudinal strain to differentiate between mutation-positive sarcomeric hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and cardiac amyloidosis. (A) Apical four-chamber view of a 66-year-old patient known with mutation-positive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

The thickness of the septum was 28 mm and the left ventricular ejection fraction was 55%. (B) The polar map shows markedly impaired longitudinal strain in the septal mid and basal areas cialis 5mg daily how long before it works and the global longitudinal strain is impaired (−13.6%). (C) Apical four-chamber view of a 75-year-old patient diagnosed with light chain amyloidosis. There is concentric hypertrophy of the left ventricle and the ejection fraction is 56%. Based on speckle tracking echocardiography analysis, the left ventricular global longitudinal strain is impaired (−12.2%), with typical sparing cialis 5mg daily how long before it works of the longitudinal strain values in the apical segments (D).

ANT, anterior. ANT SEPT, anteroseptal. GS, global strain. INF, inferior cialis 5mg daily how long before it works http://cz.keimfarben.de/where-to-buy-cialis/. LAT, lateral.

POST, posterior. SEPT, septal." data-icon-position data-hide-link-title="0">Figure 2 Left ventricular global longitudinal strain to differentiate between mutation-positive sarcomeric hypertrophic cardiomyopathy cialis 5mg daily how long before it works and cardiac amyloidosis. (A) Apical four-chamber view of a 66-year-old patient known with mutation-positive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The thickness of the septum was 28 mm and the left ventricular ejection fraction was 55%. (B) The polar map shows markedly impaired longitudinal strain in the septal mid and basal areas cialis 5mg daily how long before it works and the global longitudinal strain is impaired (−13.6%).

(C) Apical four-chamber view of a 75-year-old patient diagnosed with light chain amyloidosis. There is concentric hypertrophy of the left ventricle and the ejection fraction is 56%. Based on speckle cialis 5mg daily how long before it works tracking echocardiography analysis, the left ventricular global longitudinal strain is impaired (−12.2%), with typical sparing of the longitudinal strain values in the apical segments (D). ANT, anterior. ANT SEPT, anteroseptal.

GS, global cialis 5mg daily how long before it works strain. INF, inferior. LAT, lateral. POST, posterior cialis 5mg daily how long before it works. SEPT, septal.Our Cardiology-in-Focus article by Hudson and Pettit8 provides a clear-eyed but brief discussion and outstanding graphic of the challenges in reconciling the varying definitions of the ‘normal’ values for left ventricular ejection fraction, as stated in different guidelines (figure 3).Categories of left ventricular ejection fraction.

EF, ejection fraction. HF, heart cialis 5mg daily how long before it works failure. LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction." data-icon-position data-hide-link-title="0">Figure 3 Categories of left ventricular ejection fraction. EF, ejection fraction. HF, heart cialis 5mg daily how long before it works failure.

LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction.Loneliness is an unpleasant emotional state induced by perceived isolation. Until about 200 years ago, the English word for being on one’s own was ‘oneliness’, a term that connoted solitude, and was generally considered an essential and positive experience in life. However, solitude and loneliness cialis 5mg daily how long before it works are not synonymous. Loneliness is also described as ‘social pain’ from an unwanted lack of connection and intimacy. Artists have likened loneliness to hunger, not only because we can feel it physically, sometimes described as an ache, a hollowness or a sense of coldness, but also because these physical sensations might be the body’s way of telling us that we are missing something that is important to our survival and flourishing.In this issue of Heart, Bu and colleagues,1 in a prospective observational study that comprised approximately 5000 adults followed for about 10 years, found that individuals reporting high levels of loneliness had 30%–48% increased risks of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and CVD-related hospital admission, respectively, even after adjusting for the usual cardiovascular risk factors.1 This major study has three implications.

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Serum levels of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) activity are associated with the presence of CAVS best online cialis. However, it has been unclear whether this association is due to a cause–effect relationship. In this issue of Heart, Perrot and colleagues1 used genetic association studies from eight cohorts to show that CAVS was not associated with any of four single nucleotide polymorphisms that are associated with Lp-PLA2 activity or mass. These findings suggest that although Lp-PLA2 activity is a biomarker for CAVS unfortunately, it is unlikely to be a best online cialis therapeutic target (figure 1).Higher Lp-PLA2 activity is significantly associated with the presence of CAVS in patients with heart disease, but variants influencing Lp-PLA2 mass or activity are not associated with CAVS in this large genetic association study. CAVS, calcific aortic valve stenosis.

Lp-PLA2, lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2." data-icon-position data-hide-link-title="0">Figure 1 Higher Lp-PLA2 activity is significantly associated with the presence of CAVS in patients with heart disease, but variants influencing Lp-PLA2 mass or activity are not associated with CAVS in this large genetic association study. CAVS, calcific best online cialis aortic valve stenosis. Lp-PLA2, lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2.In an editorial, Zheng and Dweck2 discuss this article, summarise current ongoing trials of medical therapy for CAVS (table 1) and comment. €˜Strong evidence points towards elevated Lp(a) levels and its associated oxidised phospholipids (OxPL) as causal risk factors for CAVS, suggesting that targeting this lipid-driven, inflammatory pathway has a real chance to translate into therapy capable of mitigating disease. The current study suggests that this association is not mediated by Lp-PLA2 and underlines the importance of scrutinising whether biological factors within pathophysiological pathways best online cialis are merely biomarkers or actually represent a feasible and causal target.’View this table:Table 1 Ongoing randomised clinical trials of medical therapies in aortic stenosisRheumatic heart disease (RHD) remains the primary cause of valve disease worldwide and contributes significantly to maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality.

In a study by Baghel and colleagues3 of 681 pregnant women with RHD, adverse cardiovascular evens occurred in about 15% of pregnancies. Multivariable predictors of adverse outcomes during pregnancy were prior adverse cardiovascular events, lack of appropriate medical therapy, severity of mitral stenosis, valve replacement and pulmonary hypertension. Based on this analysis, the authors propose a risk score from pregnant women with RHD (table 2).View this table:Table 2 New prognostic score (DEVI’s score) best online cialis to predict composite adverse cardiac outcome in pregnant women with rheumatic valvular heart diseaseCommenting on this paper, Elkayam and Shmueli4 point out that in about one-fourth of women, the diagnosis of RHD was not known prior to pregnancy and that a late diagnosis often was associated with adverse outcomes. Their editorial provides a concise summary of optimal management of pregnant women with RHD. They conclude ‘With proper evaluation and risk stratification prior to pregnancy, a close multidisciplinary follow-up during pregnancy, and close monitoring during labour and delivery as well as the early postpartum period most complications can be prevented.’The importance of psychosocial factors in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevalence and outcomes is increasingly recognised.

Using data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, Bu and colleagues5 found that loneliness was associated with CVD, independent of best online cialis possible confounders and other risk factors, with a 30% higher risk of a new CVD diagnosis in the most lonely people compared with the least lonely people. As O’Keefe and colleagues6 point out, this data is especially important now in the context of social distancing and stay-at-home recommendations and they offer several approaches to mitigating loneliness during the COVID-19 pandemic.The Education in Heart article7 in this issue focuses on the clinical use and prognostic implications of echocardiographic speckle tracking measurements of global longitudinal strain to detect and quantify early systolic dysfunction of the left ventricle (figure 2).Left ventricular global longitudinal strain to differentiate between mutation-positive sarcomeric hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and cardiac amyloidosis. (A) Apical four-chamber view of a 66-year-old patient known with mutation-positive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The thickness of the septum was 28 mm and the left ventricular ejection fraction was 55% best online cialis. (B) The polar map shows markedly impaired longitudinal strain in the septal mid and basal areas and the global longitudinal strain is impaired (−13.6%).

(C) Apical four-chamber view of a 75-year-old patient diagnosed with light chain amyloidosis. There is concentric hypertrophy of the left ventricle and the ejection fraction is best online cialis 56%. Based on speckle tracking echocardiography analysis, the left ventricular global longitudinal strain is impaired (−12.2%), with typical sparing of the longitudinal strain values in the apical segments (D). ANT, anterior. ANT SEPT, best online cialis anteroseptal.

GS, global strain. INF, inferior. LAT, lateral. POST, posterior best online cialis. SEPT, septal." data-icon-position data-hide-link-title="0">Figure 2 Left ventricular global longitudinal strain to differentiate between mutation-positive sarcomeric hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and cardiac amyloidosis.

(A) Apical four-chamber view of a 66-year-old patient known with mutation-positive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The thickness of the septum was 28 mm and the best online cialis left ventricular ejection fraction was 55%. (B) The polar map shows markedly impaired longitudinal strain in the septal mid and basal areas and the global longitudinal strain is impaired (−13.6%). (C) Apical four-chamber view of a 75-year-old patient diagnosed with light chain amyloidosis. There is concentric best online cialis hypertrophy of the left ventricle and the ejection fraction is 56%.

Based on speckle tracking echocardiography analysis, the left ventricular global longitudinal strain is impaired (−12.2%), with typical sparing of the longitudinal strain values in the apical segments (D). ANT, anterior. ANT SEPT, best online cialis anteroseptal. GS, global strain. INF, inferior.

LAT, lateral best online cialis. POST, posterior. SEPT, septal.Our Cardiology-in-Focus article by Hudson and Pettit8 provides a clear-eyed but brief discussion and outstanding graphic of the challenges in reconciling the varying definitions of the ‘normal’ values for left ventricular ejection fraction, as stated in different guidelines (figure 3).Categories of left ventricular ejection fraction. EF, ejection best online cialis fraction. HF, heart failure.

LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction." data-icon-position data-hide-link-title="0">Figure 3 Categories of left ventricular ejection fraction. EF, ejection best online cialis fraction. HF, heart failure. LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction.Loneliness is an unpleasant emotional state induced by perceived isolation. Until about 200 years ago, the English word for being on best online cialis one’s own was ‘oneliness’, a term that connoted solitude, and was generally considered an essential and positive experience in life.

However, solitude and loneliness are not synonymous. Loneliness is also described as ‘social pain’ from an unwanted lack of connection and intimacy. Artists have likened loneliness to hunger, not only because we can feel it physically, sometimes described as an ache, a hollowness or a sense of coldness, but also because these physical sensations might be the body’s way of telling us that we are missing something that is important to our survival and flourishing.In this issue of Heart, Bu and colleagues,1 in a prospective observational study that comprised approximately 5000 adults followed for about 10 years, found that individuals reporting high levels of loneliness had 30%–48% increased risks of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and best online cialis CVD-related hospital admission, respectively, even after adjusting for the usual cardiovascular risk factors.1 This major study has three implications. (1) loneliness should be considered among the most dangerous CVD risk factors. (2) feeling lonely is a highly modifiable state that would seemingly respond to lifestyle adjustments as compared with the other foremost psychosocial CVD risk factors—depression and stress/anxiety—which typically require prescription medication or exercise2.

And (3) social isolation without the anguish of loneliness does not appear to increase CVD risk.The current study confirms prior data showing that self-reported loneliness is significantly correlated with increased healthcare utilisation and heightened morbidity and mortality risks.3 4 Advanced age, poor health, fewer ….

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How to cite levitra cialis online this article:Singh OP. The need for routine psychiatric assessment of COVID-19 survivors. Indian J Psychiatry 2020;62:457-8COVID-19 pandemic levitra cialis online is expected to bring a Tsunami of mental health issues.

Public health emergencies may affect the well-being, safety, and security of both individuals and communities, which lead to a range of emotional reactions, unhealthy behavior, and noncompliance, with public health directives (such as home confinement and vaccination) in people who contact the disease as well as in the general population.[1] Thus far, there has been an increased emphasis on psychosocial factors such as loneliness, effect of quarantine, uncertainty, vulnerability to COVID-19 infection, economic factors, and career difficulties, which may lead to increased psychiatric morbidity.Time has now come to pay attention to the direct effect of the virus on brain and psychiatric adverse symptoms, resulting from the treatment provided. Viral infections are levitra cialis online known to be associated with psychiatric disorders such as depression, bipolar disorder, obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD), or schizophrenia. There was an increased incidence of psychiatric disorders following the Influenza Pandemic.

Karl Menninger levitra cialis online described 100 cases of influenza presenting with psychiatric sequelae, which could mainly be categorized as dementia praecox, delirium, other psychoses, and unclassified subtypes. Dementia praecox constituted the largest number among all these cases.[2] Neuroinflammation is now known as the key factor in genesis and exacerbation of psychiatric disorders, particularly depression and bipolar disorders.Emerging evidence points toward the neurotropic properties of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Loss of smell and taste as an initial symptom points toward early involvement of levitra cialis online olfactory bulb.

The rapid spread to brain has been demonstrated through retrograde axonal transport.[3] The virus can enter the brain through endothelial cells lining the blood–brain barrier and also through other nerves such as the vagus nerve.[4] Cytokine storm, a serious immune reaction to the virus, can activate brain glial cells, leading to delirium, depression, bipolar disorder, and OCD.Studies examining psychiatric disorders in acute patients suffering from COVID-19 found almost 40% of such patients suffering from anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder.[5] The data on long-term psychiatric sequelae in patients who have recovered from acute illness are limited. There are anecdotal reports of psychosis and mania occurring in patients of COVID-19 following discharge from hospital. This may be either due to the direct effect of the virus on the brain or due to the neuropsychiatric effects of drugs used to treat levitra cialis online the infection or its complications.

For example, behavioral toxicity of high-dose corticosteroids which are frequently used during the treatment of severe cases to prevent and manage cytokine storm.The patients with COVID-19 can present with many neuropsychiatric disorders, which may be caused by direct inflammation, central nervous system effects of cytokine storm, aberrant epigenetic modifications of stress-related genes, glial activation, or treatment emergent effects.[6] To assess and manage various neuropsychiatric complications of COVID-19, the psychiatric community at large should equip itself with appropriate assessment tools and management guidelines to effectively tackle this unprecedented wave of psychiatric ailments. References 1.Pfefferbaum B, North levitra cialis online CS. Mental health and the COVID-19 pandemic.

N Engl levitra cialis online J Med 2020;383:510-2. 2.Lu H, Stratton CW, Tang YW. Outbreak of pneumonia of levitra cialis online unknown etiology in Wuhan, China.

The mystery and the miracle. J Med Virol 2020;92:401-2. 3.Fodoulian L, Tuberosa J, Rossier D, levitra cialis online Landis BN, Carleton A, Rodriguez I.

SARS-CoV-2 receptor and entry genes are expressed by sustentacular cells in the human olfactory neuroepithelium. BioRxiv 2020.03.31.013268 levitra cialis online. Doi.

Https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.03.31.013268. 4.Lochhead JJ, Thorne RG. Intranasal delivery of biologics to the central nervous system.

Adv Drug Deliv Rev 2012;64:614-28. 5.Rogers JP, Chesney E, Oliver D, Pollak TA, McGuire P, Fusar-Poli P, et al. Psychiatric and neuropsychiatric presentations associated with severe coronavirus infections.

A systematic review and meta-analysis with comparison to the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet Psychiatry 2020;7:611-27. 6.Steardo L Jr., Steardo L, Verkhratsky A.

Psychiatric face of COVID-19. Transl Psychiatry 2020;10:261. Correspondence Address:Om Prakash SinghAA 304, Ashabari Apartments, O/31, Baishnabghata, Patuli Township, Kolkata - 700 094, West Bengal IndiaSource of Support.

None, Conflict of Interest. NoneDOI. 10.4103/indianjpsychiatry.indianjpsychiatry_1169_2Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic has emerged as a major stressor of a global scale, affecting all aspects of our lives, and is likely to contribute to a surge of mental ill health.

Ancient Hindu scriptures, notably the Bhagavad Gita, have a wealth of insights that can help approaches to build psychological resilience for individuals at risk, those affected, as well as for caregivers. The path of knowledge (Jnana yoga) promotes accurate awareness of nature of the self, and can help reframe our thinking from an “I” to a “we mode,” much needed for collectively mitigating the spread of the coronavirus. The path of action (Karma yoga) teaches the art of selfless action, providing caregivers and frontline health-care providers a framework to continue efforts in the face of uncertain consequences.

Finally, the path of meditation (Raja yoga) offers a multipronged approach to healthy lifestyle and mindful meditation, which may improve resilience to the illness and its severe consequences. While more work is needed to empirically examine the potential value of each of these approaches in modern psychotherapy, the principles herein may already help individuals facing and providing care for the COVID-19 pandemic.Keywords. Bhagavad Gita, Covid-19, YogaHow to cite this article:Keshavan MS.

Building resilience in the COVID-19 era. Three paths in the Bhagavad Gita. Indian J Psychiatry 2020;62:459-61The COVID-19 crisis has changed our world in just a matter of months, thrusting us into danger, uncertainty, fear, and of course social isolation.

At the time of this writing, over 11 million individuals have been affected worldwide (India is fourth among all countries, 674,515) and over half a million people have died. The COVID-19 pandemic has been an unprecedented global stressor, not only because of the disease burden and mortality but also because of economic upheaval. The very fabric of the society is disrupted, affecting housing, personal relationships, travel, and all aspects of lifestyle.

The overwhelmed health-care system is among the most major stressors, leading to a heightened sense of vulnerability. No definitive treatments or vaccine is on the horizon yet. Psychiatry has to brace up to an expected mental health crisis resulting from this global stressor, not only with regard to treating neuropsychiatric consequences but also with regard to developing preventive approaches and building resilience.Thankfully, there is a wealth of wisdom to help us in our ancient scriptures such as the Bhagavad Gita[1] for building psychological resilience.

The Bhagavad Gita is a dialog between the Pandava prince Arjuna and his charioteer Krishna in the epic Mahabharata, the great tale of the Bharata Dynasty, authored by Sage Vyasa (c. 4–5 B.C.E.). The dialog occurs in the 6th chapter of the epic and has over 700 verses.

In this epic story, Arjuna, the righteous Pandava hero was faced with the dilemma of waging a war against his cousins, the Kauravas, for territory. Arjuna is confused and has no will to initiate the war. In this context, Krishna, his charioteer and spiritual mentor, counsels him.

The key principles of this spiritual discourse in the Gita are embodied in the broad concept of yoga, which literally means “Yog” or “to unite.” Applying three tenets of yoga can greatly help developing resilience at individual, group, and societal levels. A fourth path, Bhakti yoga, is a spiritual approach in the Gita which emphasizes loving devotion toward a higher power or principle, which may or may not involve a personal god. In this editorial, I focus on three paths that have considerable relevance to modern approaches to reliance-focused psychotherapy that may be especially relevant in the COVID-19 era.

Path of Knowledge The first concept in the Gita is the path of knowledge (Jnana Yoga, chapter 2). The fundamental goal of Jnana yoga is to liberate oneself from the limited view of the individual ego, and to develop the awareness of one's self as part of a larger, universal self. Hindu philosophers were among the earliest to ask the question of “who am I” and concluded that the self is not what it seems.

The self as we all know is a collection of our physical, mental, and social attributes that we create for ourselves with input from our perceptions, and input by our families and society. Such a world view leads to a tendency to crave for the “I” and for what is mine, and not consider the “We.” As Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita points out, the person who sees oneself in others, and others in oneself, really “sees.” Such awareness, which guides action in service of self as well as others, is critically important in our goals of collectively preventing the spread of the coronavirus. A glaring example is the use of face masks, known to effectively slow the viral infection.

Using the mask is as important to protecting oneself from the virus as well as protecting others from oneself. Nations such as the USA (and their leaders), who have given mixed messages to the public about the need to wear masks, have been showing a strikingly high number of cases as well as mortality. Unfortunately, such reluctance to wear masks (and thus model protective hygiene for the population), as in the case of the US leader, has stemmed from ego or vanity-related issues (i.e., how he would appear to other leaders!.

). This factor may at least partly underlie the worse COVID-19 outcome in the USA. The simple lesson here is that it is important to first flatten the ego if one wants to flatten the pandemic curve!.

Path of Action The second key concept is the path of action (Karma yoga, chapter 3). Karma yoga is all about taking action without thinking, “what's in it for me.” As such, it seeks to mainly let go of one's ego. In the Bhagavad Gita, Arjuna is ambivalent about fighting because of the conflict regarding the outcome brought on by waging the war, i.e., having to kill some of his own kith and kin.

Krishna reminds him that he should not hesitate, because it is his nature and duty (or Dharma), as a warrior, to protect the larger good, though it will have some downside consequences. The frontline health-care worker caring for severely ill patients with COVID-19 is likely to have a similar emotional reaction as Arjuna, facing a lack of adequate treatments, high likelihood of mortality and of unpredictable negative outcomes, and risk to him/herself. Compounding this, especially when resources such as ventilators are limited, the doctor may have to make tough decisions of whose life to save and whose not.

Adding to this are personal emotions when facing with the death of patients, having to deliver bad news, and dealing with grieving relatives.[2] All these are likely to result in emotional anguish and guilt, leading to burnout and a war “neurosis.”So, what should the frontline health-care provider should do?. Krishna's counsel would be that the doctor should continue to perform his/her own dharma, but do so without desire or attachment, thereby performing action in the spirit of Karma yoga. Such action would be with detachment, without a desire for personal gain and being unperturbed by success or failure.

Such “Nishkaama Karma” (or selfless action) may help doctors working today in the COVID outbreak to carry forward their work with compassion, and accept the results of their actions with equanimity and without guilt. Krishna points out that training one's mind to engage in selfless action is not easy but requires practice (Abhyasa). Krishna is also emphatic about the need to protect oneself, in order to be able to effectively carry out one's duties.

Path of Meditation The third core concept in the Gita is the path of meditation and self-reflection (Raja yoga, or Dhyana yoga, chapter 6). It is considered the royal path (Raja means royal) for attaining self-realization, and often considered the 8-fold path of yoga (Ashtanga yoga) designed to discipline lifestyle, the body and mind toward realizing mindfulness and self-reflection. These techniques, which originated in India over two millennia ago, have evolved over recent decades and anticipate several approaches to contemplative psychotherapy, including dialectical behavior therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, and mindfulness-based stress reduction.[3] These approaches are of particular relevance for stress reduction and resilience building in individuals faced by COVID-19-related emotional difficulties as well as health-care providers.[4]The majority of people affected by the COVID-19 virus recover, but about 20% have severe disease, and the mortality is around 5%.

Older individuals, those with obesity and comorbid medical illnesses such as diabetes and lung disease, are particularly prone to developing severe disease. It is possible that a state of chronic low-grade inflammation which underlies each of these conditions may increase the risk of disproportionate host immune reactions (with excessive release of cytokines), characterizing severe disease in those with COVID-19.[4] With this in mind, it is important to note that exercise, some forms of meditation, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant diet (such as turmeric and melatonin), and yoga have known benefits in reducing inflammation.[5],[6],[7],[8],[9] Sleep loss also elevates inflammatory cytokines. Healthy sleep may reduce inflammation.[10] Clearly, a healthy lifestyle, including healthy sleep, exercise, and diet, may be protective against developing COVID-19-related severe complications.

These principles of healthy living are beautifully summarized in the Bhagavad Gita.Yuktahara-viharasya yukta-cestasya karmasuYukta-svapnavabodhasya yogo bhavati duhkha-haHe who is temperate in his habits of eating, sleeping, working and recreation can mitigate all sorrows by practicing the yoga system.–Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 6, verse 17.The relevance of the Bhagavad Gita for modern psychotherapy has been widely reviewed.[11],[12] However, relatively little empirical literature exists on the effectiveness of versus spiritually integrated psychotherapy incorporating Hindu psychotherapeutic insights. Clearly, more work is needed, and COVID-19 may provide an opportunity for conducting further empirical research.[13] In the meantime, using the principles outlined here may already be of benefit in helping those in need, and may be rapidly enabled in the emerging era of telehealth and digital health.[14]Financial support and sponsorshipNil.Conflicts of interestThere are no conflicts of interest. References 1.Pandurangi AK, Shenoy S, Keshavan MS.

Psychotherapy in the Bhagavad Gita, the Hindu scriptural text. Am J Psychiatry 2014;171:827-8. 2.Arango C.

Lessons learned from the coronavirus health crisis in Madrid, Spain. How COVID-19 has changed our lives in the last 2 weeks [published online ahead of print, 2020 Apr 8]. Biol Psychiatry 2020;26:S0006-3223 (20) 31493-1.

3.Keshavan MS, Gangadhar GN, Hinduism PA. In. Spirituality and Mental Health Across Cultures, Evidence-Based Implications for Clinical Practice.

Oxford, England. Oxford University Press. In Press.

4.Habersaat KB, Betsch C, Danchin M, Sunstein CR, Böhm R, Falk A, et al. Ten considerations for effectively managing the COVID-19 transition. Nat Hum Behav 2020;4:677-87.

Doi. 10.1038/s41562-020-0906-x. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

5.Kumar K. Building resilience to Covid-19 disease severity. J Med Res Pract 2020;9:1-7.

6.Bushell W, Castle R, Williams MA, Brouwer KC, Tanzi RE, Chopra D, et al. Meditation and Yoga practices as potential adjunctive treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19. A brief overview of key subjects [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jun 22].

J Altern Complement Med 2020;26:10.1089/acm. 2020.0177. [doi.

10.1089/acm. 2020.0177]. 7.Gupta H, Gupta M, Bhargava S.

Potential use of turmeric in COVID-19 [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 1]. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2020;10.1111/ced.14357.

Doi:10.1111/ced.14357. 8.Damiot A, Pinto AJ, Turner JE, Gualano B. Immunological implications of physical inactivity among older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jun 25].

Gerontology 2020:26;1-8. [doi. 10.1159/000509216].

9.El-Missiry MA, El-Missiry ZM, Othman AI. Melatonin is a potential adjuvant to improve clinical outcomes in individuals with obesity and diabetes with coexistence of Covid-19 [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jun 29]. Eur J Pharmacol 2020;882:173329.

10.Mullington JM, Simpson NS, Meier-Ewert HK, Haack M. Sleep loss and inflammation. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 2010;24:775-84.

11.Balodhi JP, Keshavan MS. Bhagavad Gita and psychotherapy. Asian J Psychiatr 2011;4:300-2.

12.Bhatia SC, Madabushi J, Kolli V, Bhatia SK, Madaan V. The Bhagavad Gita and contemporary psychotherapies. Indian J Psychiatry 2013;55:S315-21.

13.Keshavan MS. Pandemics and psychiatry. Repositioning research in context of COVID-19 [published online ahead of print, 2020 May 7].

Asian J Psychiatr 2020;51:102159. [doi. 10.1016/j.ajp.

2020.102159]. 14.Torous J, Keshavan M. COVID-19, mobile health and serious mental illness.

Schizophr Res 2020;218:36-7. Correspondence Address:Matcheri S KeshavanRoom 542, Massachusetts Mental Health Center, 75 Fenwood Road, Boston, MA 02115 USASource of Support. None, Conflict of Interest.

NoneDOI. 10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_829_20.

How to cite this article:Singh best online cialis OP. The need for routine psychiatric assessment of COVID-19 survivors. Indian J Psychiatry 2020;62:457-8COVID-19 pandemic is expected to best online cialis bring a Tsunami of mental health issues.

Public health emergencies may affect the well-being, safety, and security of both individuals and communities, which lead to a range of emotional reactions, unhealthy behavior, and noncompliance, with public health directives (such as home confinement and vaccination) in people who contact the disease as well as in the general population.[1] Thus far, there has been an increased emphasis on psychosocial factors such as loneliness, effect of quarantine, uncertainty, vulnerability to COVID-19 infection, economic factors, and career difficulties, which may lead to increased psychiatric morbidity.Time has now come to pay attention to the direct effect of the virus on brain and psychiatric adverse symptoms, resulting from the treatment provided. Viral infections best online cialis are known to be associated with psychiatric disorders such as depression, bipolar disorder, obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD), or schizophrenia. There was an increased incidence of psychiatric disorders following the Influenza Pandemic.

Karl Menninger described 100 cases of influenza presenting with psychiatric sequelae, best online cialis which could mainly be categorized as dementia praecox, delirium, other psychoses, and unclassified subtypes. Dementia praecox constituted the largest number among all these cases.[2] Neuroinflammation is now known as the key factor in genesis and exacerbation of psychiatric disorders, particularly depression and bipolar disorders.Emerging evidence points toward the neurotropic properties of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Loss of smell and taste as an best online cialis initial symptom points toward early involvement of olfactory bulb.

The rapid spread to brain has been demonstrated through retrograde axonal transport.[3] The virus can enter the brain through endothelial cells lining the blood–brain barrier and also through other nerves such as the vagus nerve.[4] Cytokine storm, a serious immune reaction to the virus, can activate brain glial cells, leading to delirium, depression, bipolar disorder, and OCD.Studies examining psychiatric disorders in acute patients suffering from COVID-19 found almost 40% of such patients suffering from anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder.[5] The data on long-term psychiatric sequelae in patients who have recovered from acute illness are limited. There are anecdotal reports of psychosis and mania occurring in patients of COVID-19 following discharge from hospital. This may be either due best online cialis to the direct effect of the virus on the brain or due to the neuropsychiatric effects of drugs used to treat the infection or its complications.

For example, behavioral toxicity of high-dose corticosteroids which are frequently used during the treatment of severe cases to prevent and manage cytokine storm.The patients with COVID-19 can present with many neuropsychiatric disorders, which may be caused by direct inflammation, central nervous system effects of cytokine storm, aberrant epigenetic modifications of stress-related genes, glial activation, or treatment emergent effects.[6] To assess and manage various neuropsychiatric complications of COVID-19, the psychiatric community at large should equip itself with appropriate assessment tools and management guidelines to effectively tackle this unprecedented wave of psychiatric ailments. References 1.Pfefferbaum B, North best online cialis CS. Mental health and the COVID-19 pandemic.

N Engl best online cialis J Med 2020;383:510-2. 2.Lu H, Stratton CW, Tang YW. Outbreak of best online cialis pneumonia of unknown etiology in Wuhan, China.

The mystery and the miracle. J Med Virol 2020;92:401-2. 3.Fodoulian L, Tuberosa J, Rossier D, Landis BN, Carleton A, Rodriguez I best online cialis.

SARS-CoV-2 receptor and entry genes are expressed by sustentacular cells in the human olfactory neuroepithelium. BioRxiv 2020.03.31.013268 best online cialis. Doi.

Https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.03.31.013268. 4.Lochhead JJ, Thorne RG. Intranasal delivery of biologics to the central nervous system.

Adv Drug Deliv Rev 2012;64:614-28. 5.Rogers JP, Chesney E, Oliver D, Pollak TA, McGuire P, Fusar-Poli P, et al. Psychiatric and neuropsychiatric presentations associated with severe coronavirus infections.

A systematic review and meta-analysis with comparison to the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet Psychiatry 2020;7:611-27. 6.Steardo L Jr., Steardo L, Verkhratsky A.

Psychiatric face of COVID-19. Transl Psychiatry 2020;10:261. Correspondence Address:Om Prakash SinghAA 304, Ashabari Apartments, O/31, Baishnabghata, Patuli Township, Kolkata - 700 094, West Bengal IndiaSource of Support.

None, Conflict of Interest. NoneDOI. 10.4103/indianjpsychiatry.indianjpsychiatry_1169_2Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic has emerged as a major stressor of a global scale, affecting all aspects of our lives, and is likely to contribute to a surge of mental ill health.

Ancient Hindu scriptures, notably the Bhagavad Gita, have a wealth of insights that can help approaches to build psychological resilience for individuals at risk, those affected, as well as for caregivers. The path of knowledge (Jnana yoga) promotes accurate awareness of nature of the self, and can help reframe our thinking from an “I” to a “we mode,” much needed for collectively mitigating the spread of the coronavirus. The path of action (Karma yoga) teaches the art of selfless action, providing caregivers and frontline health-care providers a framework to continue efforts in the face of uncertain consequences.

Finally, the path of meditation (Raja yoga) offers a multipronged approach to healthy lifestyle and mindful meditation, which may improve resilience to the illness and its severe consequences. While more work is needed to empirically examine the potential value of each of these approaches in modern psychotherapy, the principles herein may already help individuals facing and providing care for the COVID-19 pandemic.Keywords. Bhagavad Gita, Covid-19, YogaHow to cite this article:Keshavan MS.

Building resilience in the COVID-19 era. Three paths in the Bhagavad Gita. Indian J Psychiatry 2020;62:459-61The COVID-19 crisis has changed our world in just a matter of months, thrusting us into danger, uncertainty, fear, and of course social isolation.

At the time of this writing, over 11 million individuals have been affected worldwide (India is fourth among all countries, 674,515) and over half a million people have died. The COVID-19 pandemic has been an unprecedented global stressor, not only because of the disease burden and mortality but also because of economic upheaval. The very fabric of the society is disrupted, affecting housing, personal relationships, travel, and all aspects of lifestyle.

The overwhelmed health-care system is among the most major stressors, leading to a heightened sense of vulnerability. No definitive treatments or vaccine is on the horizon yet. Psychiatry has to brace up to an expected mental health crisis resulting from this global stressor, not only with regard to treating neuropsychiatric consequences but also with regard to developing preventive approaches and building resilience.Thankfully, there is a wealth of wisdom to help us in our ancient scriptures such as the Bhagavad Gita[1] for building psychological resilience.

The Bhagavad Gita is a dialog between the Pandava prince Arjuna and his charioteer Krishna in the epic Mahabharata, the great tale of the Bharata Dynasty, authored by Sage Vyasa (c. 4–5 B.C.E.). The dialog occurs in the 6th chapter of the epic and has over 700 verses.

In this epic story, Arjuna, the righteous Pandava hero was faced with the dilemma of waging a war against his cousins, the Kauravas, for territory. Arjuna is confused and has no will to initiate the war. In this context, Krishna, his charioteer and spiritual mentor, counsels him.

The key principles of this spiritual discourse in the Gita are embodied in the broad concept of yoga, which literally means “Yog” or “to unite.” Applying three tenets of yoga can greatly help developing resilience at individual, group, and societal levels. A fourth path, Bhakti yoga, is a spiritual approach in the Gita which emphasizes loving devotion toward a higher power or principle, which may or may not involve a personal god. In this editorial, I focus on three paths that have considerable relevance to modern approaches to reliance-focused psychotherapy that may be especially relevant in the COVID-19 era.

Path of Knowledge The first concept in the Gita is the path of knowledge (Jnana Yoga, chapter 2). The fundamental goal of Jnana yoga is to liberate oneself from the limited view of the individual ego, and to develop the awareness of one's self as part of a larger, universal self. Hindu philosophers were among the earliest to ask the question of “who am I” and concluded that the self is not what it seems.

The self as we all know is a collection of our physical, mental, and social attributes that we create for ourselves with input from our perceptions, and input by our families and society. Such a world view leads to a tendency to crave for the “I” and for what is mine, and not consider the “We.” As Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita points out, the person who sees oneself in others, and others in oneself, really “sees.” Such awareness, which guides action in service of self as well as others, is critically important in our goals of collectively preventing the spread of the coronavirus. A glaring example is the use of face masks, known to effectively slow the viral infection.

Using the mask is as important to protecting oneself from the virus as well as protecting others from oneself. Nations such as the USA (and their leaders), who have given mixed messages to the public about the need to wear masks, have been showing a strikingly high number of cases as well as mortality. Unfortunately, such reluctance to wear masks (and thus model protective hygiene for the population), as in the case of the US leader, has stemmed from ego or vanity-related issues (i.e., how he would appear to other leaders!.

). This factor may at least partly underlie the worse COVID-19 outcome in the USA. The simple lesson here is that it is important to first flatten the ego if one wants to flatten the pandemic curve!.

Path of Action The second key concept is the path of action (Karma yoga, chapter 3). Karma yoga is all about taking action without thinking, “what's in it for me.” As such, it seeks to mainly let go of one's ego. In the Bhagavad Gita, Arjuna is ambivalent about fighting because of the conflict regarding the outcome brought on by waging the war, i.e., having to kill some of his own kith and kin.

Krishna reminds him that he should not hesitate, because it is his nature and duty (or Dharma), as a warrior, to protect the larger good, though it will have some downside consequences. The frontline health-care worker caring for severely ill patients with COVID-19 is likely to have a similar emotional reaction as Arjuna, facing a lack of adequate treatments, high likelihood of mortality and of unpredictable negative outcomes, and risk to him/herself. Compounding this, especially when resources such as ventilators are limited, the doctor may have to make tough decisions of whose life to save and whose not.

Adding to this are personal emotions when facing with the death of patients, having to deliver bad news, and dealing with grieving relatives.[2] All these are likely to result in emotional anguish and guilt, leading to burnout and a war “neurosis.”So, what should the frontline health-care provider should do?. Krishna's counsel would be that the doctor should continue to perform his/her own dharma, but do so without desire or attachment, thereby performing action in the spirit of Karma yoga. Such action would be with detachment, without a desire for personal gain and being unperturbed by success or failure.

Such “Nishkaama Karma” (or selfless action) may help doctors working today in the COVID outbreak to carry forward their work with compassion, and accept the results of their actions with equanimity and without guilt. Krishna points out that training one's mind to engage in selfless action is not easy but requires practice (Abhyasa). Krishna is also emphatic about the need to protect oneself, in order to be able to effectively carry out one's duties.

Path of Meditation The third core concept in the Gita is the path of meditation and self-reflection (Raja yoga, or Dhyana yoga, chapter 6). It is considered the royal path (Raja means royal) for attaining self-realization, and often considered the 8-fold path of yoga (Ashtanga yoga) designed to discipline lifestyle, the body and mind toward realizing mindfulness and self-reflection. These techniques, which originated in India over two millennia ago, have evolved over recent decades and anticipate several approaches to contemplative psychotherapy, including dialectical behavior therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, and mindfulness-based stress reduction.[3] These approaches are of particular relevance for stress reduction and resilience building in individuals faced by COVID-19-related emotional difficulties as well as health-care providers.[4]The majority of people affected by the COVID-19 virus recover, but about 20% have severe disease, and the mortality is around 5%.

Older individuals, those with obesity and comorbid medical illnesses such as diabetes and lung disease, are particularly prone to developing severe disease. It is possible that a state of chronic low-grade inflammation which underlies each of these conditions may increase the risk of disproportionate host immune reactions (with excessive release of cytokines), characterizing severe disease in those with COVID-19.[4] With this in mind, it is important to note that exercise, some forms of meditation, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant diet (such as turmeric and melatonin), and yoga have known benefits in reducing inflammation.[5],[6],[7],[8],[9] Sleep loss also elevates inflammatory cytokines. Healthy sleep may reduce inflammation.[10] Clearly, a healthy lifestyle, including healthy sleep, exercise, and diet, may be protective against developing COVID-19-related severe complications.

These principles of healthy living are beautifully summarized in the Bhagavad Gita.Yuktahara-viharasya yukta-cestasya karmasuYukta-svapnavabodhasya yogo bhavati duhkha-haHe who is temperate in his habits of eating, sleeping, working and recreation can mitigate all sorrows by practicing the yoga system.–Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 6, verse 17.The relevance of the Bhagavad Gita for modern psychotherapy has been widely reviewed.[11],[12] However, relatively little empirical literature exists on the effectiveness of versus spiritually integrated psychotherapy incorporating Hindu psychotherapeutic insights. Clearly, more work is needed, and COVID-19 may provide an opportunity for conducting further empirical research.[13] In the meantime, using the principles outlined here may already be of benefit in helping those in need, and may be rapidly enabled in the emerging era of telehealth and digital health.[14]Financial support and sponsorshipNil.Conflicts of interestThere are no conflicts of interest. References 1.Pandurangi AK, Shenoy S, Keshavan MS.

Psychotherapy in the Bhagavad Gita, the Hindu scriptural text. Am J Psychiatry 2014;171:827-8. 2.Arango C.

Lessons learned from the coronavirus health crisis in Madrid, Spain. How COVID-19 has changed our lives in the last 2 weeks [published online ahead of print, 2020 Apr 8]. Biol Psychiatry 2020;26:S0006-3223 (20) 31493-1.

3.Keshavan MS, Gangadhar GN, Hinduism PA. In. Spirituality and Mental Health Across Cultures, Evidence-Based Implications for Clinical Practice.

Oxford, England. Oxford University Press. In Press.

4.Habersaat KB, Betsch C, Danchin M, Sunstein CR, Böhm R, Falk A, et al. Ten considerations for effectively managing the COVID-19 transition. Nat Hum Behav 2020;4:677-87.

Doi. 10.1038/s41562-020-0906-x. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

5.Kumar K. Building resilience to Covid-19 disease severity. J Med Res Pract 2020;9:1-7.

6.Bushell W, Castle R, Williams MA, Brouwer KC, Tanzi RE, Chopra D, et al. Meditation and Yoga practices as potential adjunctive treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19. A brief overview of key subjects [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jun 22].

J Altern Complement Med 2020;26:10.1089/acm. 2020.0177. [doi.

10.1089/acm. 2020.0177]. 7.Gupta H, Gupta M, Bhargava S.

Potential use of turmeric in COVID-19 [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 1]. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2020;10.1111/ced.14357.

Doi:10.1111/ced.14357. 8.Damiot A, Pinto AJ, Turner JE, Gualano B. Immunological implications of physical inactivity among older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jun 25].

Gerontology 2020:26;1-8. [doi. 10.1159/000509216].

9.El-Missiry MA, El-Missiry ZM, Othman AI. Melatonin is a potential adjuvant to improve clinical outcomes in individuals with obesity and diabetes with coexistence of Covid-19 [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jun 29]. Eur J Pharmacol 2020;882:173329.

10.Mullington JM, Simpson NS, Meier-Ewert HK, Haack M. Sleep loss and inflammation. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 2010;24:775-84.

11.Balodhi JP, Keshavan MS. Bhagavad Gita and psychotherapy. Asian J Psychiatr 2011;4:300-2.

12.Bhatia SC, Madabushi J, Kolli V, Bhatia SK, Madaan V. The Bhagavad Gita and contemporary psychotherapies. Indian J Psychiatry 2013;55:S315-21.

13.Keshavan MS. Pandemics and psychiatry. Repositioning research in context of COVID-19 [published online ahead of print, 2020 May 7].

Asian J Psychiatr 2020;51:102159. [doi. 10.1016/j.ajp.

2020.102159]. 14.Torous J, Keshavan M. COVID-19, mobile health and serious mental illness.

Schizophr Res 2020;218:36-7. Correspondence Address:Matcheri S KeshavanRoom 542, Massachusetts Mental Health Center, 75 Fenwood Road, Boston, MA 02115 USASource of Support. None, Conflict of Interest.

NoneDOI. 10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_829_20.

Cialis 5mg how to use

NONE

A fourth wave of the opioid epidemic is coming, a national expert on drug use cialis 5mg how to use and policy said during a virtual panel discussion this week hosted by cialis online in canada the Berkshire County, Massachusetts, District Attorney’s Office and the Berkshire Opioid Addiction Prevention Collaborative.Dr. Daniel Ciccarone, a professor of family and community medicine at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) School of Medicine, said the next wave in the country’s opioid health emergency will focus on stimulants like methamphetamine and cocaine, and drug combinations where stimulants are used in conjunction with opioids.“The use of methamphetamines is back and cialis 5mg how to use it’s back big time,” said Ciccarone, whose most recent research has focused on heroin use.Previously, officials had said there were three waves of the opioid epidemic – the first being prescription pills, the second being heroin, and the third being synthetic drugs, like fentanyl.Now, Ciccarone said, what federal law enforcement and medical experts are seeing is an increase in the use of stimulants, especially methamphetamines.The increase in deaths due to stimulants may be attributed to a number of causes. The increase in supply, both imported and domestically produced, as well as the increase of the drugs’ potency.“Meth’s purity and potency has gone up to historical levels,” he said. €œAs of 2018, we’ve reached unseen cialis 5mg how to use heights of 97 percent potency and 97 percent purity. In a prohibitionist world, we should not be seeing such high quality.

This is almost pharmaceutical quality.”Additionally, law enforcement and public health cialis 5mg how to use experts like Ciccarone are seeing an increase in the co-use of stimulants with opioids, he said. Speedballs, cocaine mixed with heroin, and goofballs, methamphetamines used with heroin or fentanyl, are becoming more common from the Midwest into Appalachia and up through New England, he said.Federal law enforcement officials are recommending local communities prepare for the oncoming rise in illegal drugs coming into their communities.“Some people will use them both at the same time, but some may use them in some combination regularly,” he said. €œThey may use meth in the morning to go to work, and use heroin at night to come down.”The co-use, he said, was an cialis 5mg how to use organic response to the fentanyl overdose epidemic.“Some of the things that we heard … is that meth is popularly construed as helping to decrease heroin and fentanyl use. Helping with heroin withdraw symptoms and helping with heroin overdoses,” he said. €œWe debated this for many years cialis 5mg how to use that people were using stimulants to reverse overdoses – we’re hearing it again.”“Supply is up, purity is up, price is down,” he said.

€œWe know from economics that when drug patterns go in that direction, use is going up.”Ciccarone said that there should not be deaths because of stimulants, but that heroin/fentanyl is the deadly element in the equation.His recommendations to communities were not to panic, but to lower the stigma surrounding drug use in order to affect change. Additionally, he said, policies should focus on cialis 5mg how to use reduction. supply reduction, demand reduction and harm reduction. But not focus on only one single drug.Additionally, he said that cialis 5mg how to use by addressing issues within communities and by healing communities socially, economically and spiritually, communities can begin to reduce demand.“We’ve got to fix the cracks in our society, because drugs fall into the cracks,” he said.Shutterstock U.S. Rep.

Annie Kuster (D-NH) recently held two virtual roundtables addressing cialis 5mg how to use how COVID-19 has affected New Hampshire’s healthcare industry.“The health and economic crisis caused by COVID-19 has created significant challenges for Granite State healthcare, mental health, and substance use treatment providers — at the same time, we are seeing increases in substance abuse and mental illness across New Hampshire,” Kuster said. €œFrom the transition to telehealth care and cancellations of elective procedures to a lack of personal protective equipment and increasing health needs of our communities – providers have overcome a multitude of obstacles due to COVID-19 in cialis 5mg how to use recent months. I was glad to hear from these hard-working Granite Staters, whose insights will continue to guide my work in Congress as we respond to this pandemic. I’m committed to ensuring that communities across New Hampshire can safely access cialis 5mg how to use the care and treatment they deserve.”The first roundtable addressed substance-use disorder (SUD) and mental health.The second virtual roundtable was an opportunity for health care providers to speak about their workplace challenges during the pandemic. Kuster is the founder and co-chairwoman of the Bipartisan Opioid Task Force, which held a virtual discussion in June on the opioid crisis and the pandemic.Shutterstock Opioid prescription rates for outpatient knee surgery vary nationwide, according to a study recently published in BMJ Open.

€œWe found massive levels of variation in the proportion of patients who are prescribed opioids between states, even after adjusting for nuances of the procedure and differences in patient cialis 5mg how to use characteristics,” said Dr. M. Kit Delgado, the study’s senior author and an assistant professor of Emergency Medicine and Epidemiology in the cialis 5mg how to use Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. €œWe’ve also seen that the average number of pills prescribed was extremely high for outpatient procedures of this type, particularly for patients who had not been taking opioids prior to surgery.”Researchers examined insurance claims for nearly 100,000 patients who had arthroscopic knee surgery between 2015 and 2019 and had not used any opioid prescriptions in the six months before the surgery.Within three days of a procedure, 72 percent of patients filled an opioid prescription. High prescription rates were cialis 5mg how to use found in the Midwest and the Rocky Mountain regions.

The coasts had lower rates.Nationwide, the average prescription strength was equivalent to 250 milligrams of morphine over five days. This is cialis 5mg how to use the threshold for increased risk of opioid overdose death, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.Shutterstock U.S. Secretary of Labor Eugene Scalia awarded nearly $20 million to four states significantly impacted by the opioid crisis, the Department of Labor announced Thursday. The Florida Department cialis 5mg how to use of Economic Opportunity, the Maryland Department of Labor, the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services, and the Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development were awarded the money as part of the DOL’s “Support to Communities. Fostering Opioid Recovery through Workforce Development” created after the passage of the SUPPORT for Patients and Communities Act of 2018.

The money will be used to retrain workers in areas with high rates of substance use cialis 5mg how to use disorders. At a press conference in Piketon, Ohio, Scalia said the DOL had awarded Ohio’s Department of Job and Family Services cialis 5mg how to use $5 million to help communities in southern Ohio combat the opioid crisis in that area. €œToday’s funding represents this Administration’s continued commitment to serving those most in need,” said Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training John Pallasch. €œThe U.S cialis 5mg how to use. Department of Labor is taking a strong stand to support individuals and communities impacted by the crisis.”Grantees will use the funds to collaborate with community partners, such as employers, local workforce development boards, treatment and recovery centers, law enforcement officials, faith-based community organizations, and others, to address the economic effects of substance misuse, opioid use, addiction, and overdose.Shutterstock CVS Health has completed the installation of time-delayed safe technology at all 446 Massachusetts locations as part of its initiatives aimed at reducing the misuse and diversion of prescription medications in Massachusetts, the company announced Thursday.

The safes are intended to prevent robberies of controlled substance medications, such as oxycodone and hydrocodone, by electronically delaying the time it takes for pharmacy employees to open the safe where those drugs are stored.The company also announced that it had added cialis 5mg how to use 50 new medication disposal units in select stores throughout Massachusetts. Those units join 106 secure disposal units previously installed at CVS locations across the state and another 43 units previously donated to Massachusetts law enforcement agencies. The company plans to install another cialis 5mg how to use six units in stores by the year’s end. €œWhile our nation and our company focus on COVID-19 treatment, testing, and other measures to prevent community transmission of the virus, the misuse of prescription drugs remains an ongoing challenge in Massachusetts and elsewhere that warrants our continued attention,” said John Hering, Region Director for CVS Health. €œThese steps to reduce the theft and diversion of opioid medications bring added security to our stores and more disposal options for our cialis 5mg how to use communities.”In 2015, CVS implemented time-delayed safe technology in CVS pharmacies across Indianapolis in response to the high volume of pharmacy robberies in that city.

The company saw a 70 percent decline in pharmacy robberies in stores where the time-delayed safes were installed. Since then, the company has cialis 5mg how to use installed 4,760 time-delayed safes in 15 states and the District of Columbia and has seen a 50 percent decline in pharmacy robberies in those areas. The company said it would add an additional 1,000 in-store medication disposal units to the 2,500 units it currently has in CVS pharmacies nationwide. The units allow customers to drop unused prescriptions into a safe place for their disposal to prevent cialis 5mg how to use those drugs from being misused. CVS stores that do not offer medication disposal units offer all customers filling opioid prescriptions for the first time with DisposeRX packets that effectively and efficiently breakdown unused drugs into a biodegradable gel for safe disposal in the trash at home..

A fourth wave of the opioid epidemic is coming, a national expert on drug use and policy http://cz.keimfarben.de/cialis-for-sale/ said during a virtual panel discussion this best online cialis week hosted by the Berkshire County, Massachusetts, District Attorney’s Office and the Berkshire Opioid Addiction Prevention Collaborative.Dr. Daniel Ciccarone, a professor of family and community medicine at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) School of Medicine, said the next wave in the country’s opioid health emergency will focus on stimulants like methamphetamine and cocaine, and drug combinations where stimulants are used in conjunction with opioids.“The use of methamphetamines is back and best online cialis it’s back big time,” said Ciccarone, whose most recent research has focused on heroin use.Previously, officials had said there were three waves of the opioid epidemic – the first being prescription pills, the second being heroin, and the third being synthetic drugs, like fentanyl.Now, Ciccarone said, what federal law enforcement and medical experts are seeing is an increase in the use of stimulants, especially methamphetamines.The increase in deaths due to stimulants may be attributed to a number of causes. The increase in supply, both imported and domestically produced, as well as the increase of the drugs’ potency.“Meth’s purity and potency has gone up to historical levels,” he said.

€œAs of 2018, we’ve reached unseen heights of 97 percent potency and 97 percent best online cialis purity. In a prohibitionist world, we should not be seeing such high quality. This is almost pharmaceutical quality.”Additionally, law enforcement and public health experts like Ciccarone best online cialis are seeing an increase in the co-use of stimulants with opioids, he said.

Speedballs, cocaine mixed with heroin, and goofballs, methamphetamines used with heroin or fentanyl, are becoming more common from the Midwest into Appalachia and up through New England, he said.Federal law enforcement officials are recommending local communities prepare for the oncoming rise in illegal drugs coming into their communities.“Some people will use them both at the same time, but some may use them in some combination regularly,” he said. €œThey may use meth in the morning to go to best online cialis work, and use heroin at night to come down.”The co-use, he said, was an organic response to the fentanyl overdose epidemic.“Some of the things that we heard … is that meth is popularly construed as helping to decrease heroin and fentanyl use. Helping with heroin withdraw symptoms and helping with heroin overdoses,” he said.

€œWe debated this for many years that people were using stimulants to reverse overdoses – we’re hearing it again.”“Supply is best online cialis up, purity is up, price is down,” he said. €œWe know from economics that when drug patterns go in that direction, use is going up.”Ciccarone said that there should not be deaths because of stimulants, but that heroin/fentanyl is the deadly element in the equation.His recommendations to communities were not to panic, but to lower the stigma surrounding drug use in order to affect change. Additionally, he best online cialis said, policies should focus on reduction.

supply reduction, demand reduction and harm reduction. But not focus on only one single drug.Additionally, he said that by addressing issues within communities and by healing communities socially, economically and spiritually, communities can begin to reduce demand.“We’ve got to fix the cracks in our society, because drugs fall into the cracks,” he said.Shutterstock U.S best online cialis. Rep.

Annie Kuster (D-NH) recently held two virtual roundtables addressing how COVID-19 has affected New Hampshire’s healthcare industry.“The health and economic crisis caused by COVID-19 has created significant challenges for Granite State healthcare, mental health, and substance use treatment providers — at the same time, we are seeing increases best online cialis in substance abuse and mental illness across New Hampshire,” Kuster said. €œFrom the best online cialis transition to telehealth care and cancellations of elective procedures to a lack of personal protective equipment and increasing health needs of our communities – providers have overcome a multitude of obstacles due to COVID-19 in recent months. I was glad to hear from these hard-working Granite Staters, whose insights will continue to guide my work in Congress as we respond to this pandemic.

I’m committed to ensuring that communities across New Hampshire can safely access the care and treatment best online cialis they deserve.”The first roundtable addressed substance-use disorder (SUD) and mental health.The second virtual roundtable was an opportunity for health care providers to speak about their workplace challenges during the pandemic. Kuster is the founder and co-chairwoman of the Bipartisan Opioid Task Force, which held a virtual discussion in June on the opioid crisis and the pandemic.Shutterstock Opioid prescription rates for outpatient knee surgery vary nationwide, according to a study recently published in BMJ Open. €œWe found massive levels of variation in the proportion of patients best online cialis who are prescribed opioids between states, even after adjusting for nuances of the procedure and differences in patient characteristics,” said Dr.

M. Kit Delgado, the study’s senior author and an assistant professor of Emergency Medicine and Epidemiology in the Perelman School of Medicine best online cialis at the University of Pennsylvania. €œWe’ve also seen that the average number of pills prescribed was extremely high for outpatient procedures of this type, particularly for patients who had not been taking opioids prior to surgery.”Researchers examined insurance claims for nearly 100,000 patients who had arthroscopic knee surgery between 2015 and 2019 and had not used any opioid prescriptions in the six months before the surgery.Within three days of a procedure, 72 percent of patients filled an opioid prescription.

High prescription rates were found in the Midwest best online cialis and the Rocky Mountain regions. The coasts had lower rates.Nationwide, the average prescription strength was equivalent to 250 milligrams of morphine over five days. This is the threshold for increased risk of opioid overdose death, according to the Centers for Disease best online cialis Control and Prevention.Shutterstock U.S.

Secretary of Labor Eugene Scalia awarded nearly $20 million to four states significantly impacted by the opioid crisis, the Department of Labor announced Thursday. The Florida Department best online cialis of Economic Opportunity, the Maryland Department of Labor, the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services, and the Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development were awarded the money as part of the DOL’s “Support to Communities. Fostering Opioid Recovery through Workforce Development” created after the passage of the SUPPORT for Patients and Communities Act of 2018.

The money will be used to retrain workers in areas best online cialis with high rates of substance use disorders. At a press conference in Piketon, Ohio, Scalia said the DOL had awarded Ohio’s Department best online cialis of Job and Family Services $5 million to help communities in southern Ohio combat the opioid crisis in that area. €œToday’s funding represents this Administration’s continued commitment to serving those most in need,” said Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training John Pallasch.

€œThe U.S best online cialis. Department of Labor is taking a strong stand to support individuals and communities impacted by the crisis.”Grantees will use the funds to collaborate with community partners, such as employers, local workforce development boards, treatment and recovery centers, law enforcement officials, faith-based community organizations, and others, to address the economic effects of substance misuse, opioid use, addiction, and overdose.Shutterstock CVS Health has completed the installation of time-delayed safe technology at all 446 Massachusetts locations as part of its initiatives aimed at reducing the misuse and diversion of prescription medications in Massachusetts, the company announced Thursday. The safes are intended to prevent robberies of controlled substance medications, such as oxycodone and hydrocodone, by electronically delaying the time it takes for pharmacy employees to open the best online cialis safe where those drugs are stored.The company also announced that it had added 50 new medication disposal units in select stores throughout Massachusetts.

Those units join 106 secure disposal units previously installed at CVS locations across the state and another 43 units previously donated to Massachusetts law enforcement agencies. The company plans to install another six units best online cialis in stores by the year’s end. €œWhile our nation and our company focus on COVID-19 treatment, testing, and other measures to prevent community transmission of the virus, the misuse of prescription drugs remains an ongoing challenge in Massachusetts and elsewhere that warrants our continued attention,” said John Hering, Region Director for CVS Health.

€œThese steps to reduce the theft and diversion of opioid medications bring added security to our stores and more disposal options for our communities.”In 2015, CVS implemented time-delayed safe technology in CVS pharmacies across Indianapolis best online cialis in response to the high volume of pharmacy robberies in that city. The company saw a 70 percent decline in pharmacy robberies in stores where the time-delayed safes were installed. Since then, the company has installed 4,760 time-delayed safes in 15 states and the District of Columbia and has seen a 50 percent best online cialis decline in pharmacy robberies in those areas.

The company said it would add an additional 1,000 in-store medication disposal units to the 2,500 units it currently has in CVS pharmacies nationwide. The units allow customers to drop unused prescriptions into a safe place best online cialis for their disposal to prevent those drugs from being misused. CVS stores that do not offer medication disposal units offer all customers filling opioid prescriptions for the first time with DisposeRX packets that effectively and efficiently breakdown unused drugs into a biodegradable gel for safe disposal in the trash at home..

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After voters expanded Medicaid in conservative states like Missouri and Oklahoma, health care advocates are renewing a push for expansion in Mississippi and other Southern states where Republican leaders have long been opposed.They say the changing cialis usa tide has followed rising income inequality, joblessness and pressure from hospitals in economic turmoil — issues exacerbated by the coronavirus pandemic."There have been, in the last two years, votes on Medicaid expansion in some of the most conservative, Republican-leaning states in the country, and Medicaid expansion has never lost," said Eliot Fishman, senior director of Health Policy at Families USA, a health care advocacy organization.Fishman spoke Thursday during an online forum about Medicaid expansion hosted by the Mississippi Health Advocacy Program and the Mississippi Center for Justice.Medicaid expansion is an option under the health care overhaul that then-President Barack Obama signed into law in 2010. Many Democratic-controlled states agreed to expansion, mainly for people whose jobs don't provide health insurance.However, since Republican Donald Trump became president in January 2017, voters in Idaho, Nebraska, Utah, Oklahoma, Maine and most recently Missouri have approved Medicaid expansion cialis usa by ballot measures. In Virginia, legislators passed Medicaid expansion after Democrats gained power."This is clearly an issue cialis usa which you can no longer shut down voter interest by just saying the word 'Obamacare,' " Fishman said. "That power has waned."There are now 12 states — including Mississippi, Georgia, Alabama, Texas, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee and Florida — that have not expanded Medicaid.

A newly formed collaborative, "Southerners for Medicaid Expansion," is aiming to put pressure on the holdouts.Medicaid is a government health insurance program cialis usa for the needy, aged, blind and disabled, and it is paid by state and federal money. Because Mississippi is poor, the federal government pays nearly 78% of the cost.Under expansion, the federal cialis usa government pays 90% of the cost in any state.About 25% of Mississippi's nearly 3 million residents are already enrolled in Medicaid, and opponents have said they don't want more people taking part in a government program.Roy Mitchell, executive director of the Mississippi Health Advocacy Program, said hospitals are in desperate need of the dollars. Uncompensated care costs in Mississippi exceed $600 million annually, according to a 2019 statement from the Mississippi Hospital Association."Let's face it, providers are businessmen. Despite their marketing, they are inherently out to make a profit, and they are cialis usa going to have to wake up in Mississippi," Mitchell said.

"I'm sure COVID did a good job cialis usa of doing that."Addressing ailing hospitals has been controversial. Republican Gov. Tate Reeves cialis usa and leaders in the Republican-controlled Mississippi Legislature have opposed Medicaid expansion. Reeves has said money should go cialis usa instead to federally funded community health centers that help people in need.Reeves has said repeatedly that the pandemic has not changed his mind about expansion.

And Republican House Speaker Philip Gunn told reporters this month that he also remains opposed.The Mississippi Hospital Association in 2019 proposed "Mississippi Cares," which it called Medicaid reform but not expansion cialis usa. It was modeled after an Indiana program enacted under then-Gov. Mike Pence cialis usa. It would expand Medicaid eligibility while setting $20 monthly premium payments and cialis usa copays.

The proposal gained no traction during this year's Mississippi legislative session.While advocates for Medicaid expansion say they are hopeful, they acknowledge difficulties.Out of the 12 nonexpansion states, Mississippi and Florida are the only two with a ballot initiative process.Mississippi law says that for an initiative to be placed on the ballot, at least 106,190 certified signatures must be gathered, and those must be evenly divided among the five congressional districts that Mississippi used 20 years ago. Even if signature-gathering is successful, the earliest cialis usa a proposal is likely to be on the ballot is November 2022."For all the stars to align in a ballot initiative ... There's got to be a commitment on the part of providers in Mississippi, I think, and we have to also look realistically at the amount of resources that it takes to do a ballot initiative," cialis usa Mitchell said. "But it is certainly not out of reach.".

After voters expanded Medicaid in conservative states like Missouri and Oklahoma, health care advocates are renewing a push for expansion in best online cialis Mississippi and other Southern states where Republican leaders have long been opposed.They say the changing tide has followed rising income inequality, joblessness and pressure from free cialis trial samples hospitals in economic turmoil — issues exacerbated by the coronavirus pandemic."There have been, in the last two years, votes on Medicaid expansion in some of the most conservative, Republican-leaning states in the country, and Medicaid expansion has never lost," said Eliot Fishman, senior director of Health Policy at Families USA, a health care advocacy organization.Fishman spoke Thursday during an online forum about Medicaid expansion hosted by the Mississippi Health Advocacy Program and the Mississippi Center for Justice.Medicaid expansion is an option under the health care overhaul that then-President Barack Obama signed into law in 2010. Many Democratic-controlled best online cialis states agreed to expansion, mainly for people whose jobs don't provide health insurance.However, since Republican Donald Trump became president in January 2017, voters in Idaho, Nebraska, Utah, Oklahoma, Maine and most recently Missouri have approved Medicaid expansion by ballot measures. In Virginia, legislators passed Medicaid expansion after Democrats gained power."This is best online cialis clearly an issue which you can no longer shut down voter interest by just saying the word 'Obamacare,' " Fishman said. "That power has waned."There are now 12 states — including Mississippi, Georgia, Alabama, Texas, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee and Florida — that have not expanded Medicaid.

A newly formed collaborative, "Southerners for Medicaid Expansion," is aiming to put pressure best online cialis on the holdouts.Medicaid is a government health insurance program for the needy, aged, blind and disabled, and it is paid by state and federal money. Because Mississippi is poor, the federal government pays nearly 78% of the cost.Under expansion, the federal government pays 90% of the cost in any best online cialis state.About 25% of Mississippi's nearly 3 million residents are already enrolled in Medicaid, and opponents have said they don't want more people taking part in a government program.Roy Mitchell, executive director of the Mississippi Health Advocacy Program, said hospitals are in desperate need of the dollars. Uncompensated care costs in Mississippi exceed $600 million annually, according to a 2019 statement from the Mississippi Hospital Association."Let's face it, providers are businessmen. Despite their marketing, they are inherently out to make a profit, and they are going to have to best online cialis wake up in Mississippi," Mitchell said.

"I'm sure COVID did a good best online cialis job of doing that."Addressing ailing hospitals has been controversial. Republican Gov. Tate Reeves and leaders in the Republican-controlled Mississippi Legislature have opposed Medicaid expansion best online cialis. Reeves has said money should go instead to federally funded community health centers that best online cialis help people in need.Reeves has said repeatedly that the pandemic has not changed his mind about expansion.

And Republican House Speaker Philip Gunn told reporters this month that he also remains opposed.The Mississippi Hospital best online cialis Association in 2019 proposed "Mississippi Cares," which it called Medicaid reform but not expansion. It was modeled after an Indiana program enacted under then-Gov. Mike Pence best online cialis. It would best online cialis expand Medicaid eligibility while setting $20 monthly premium payments and copays.

The proposal gained no traction during this year's Mississippi legislative session.While advocates for Medicaid expansion say they are hopeful, they acknowledge difficulties.Out of the 12 nonexpansion states, Mississippi and Florida are the only two with a ballot initiative process.Mississippi law says that for an initiative to be placed on the ballot, at least 106,190 certified signatures must be gathered, and those must be evenly divided among the five congressional districts that Mississippi used 20 years ago. Even if best online cialis signature-gathering is successful, the earliest a proposal is likely to be on the ballot is November 2022."For all the stars to align in a ballot initiative ... There's got to be a commitment on the part of providers in Mississippi, I think, and best online cialis we have to also look realistically at the amount of resources that it takes to do a ballot initiative," Mitchell said. "But it is certainly not out of reach.".